Genetic algorithms based optimization tool for the preliminary design of gas turbine combustors
The aim of this research is to develop an optimization tool to support the preliminary design of gas turbine combustors by providing a partial automation of the design process. This tool is to enable better design to be obtained faster, providing a reduction in the development costs and time to market of new engines.
The first phase of this work involved the analysis of the combustor design process with the aim of identifying the critical tasks that are suitable for being automated and most importantly identifying the key parameters describing the performance of a combustor.
During the second phase of this work, an adequate design methodology was defined for this problem. This led to the development of a design optimization Toolbox based on genetic algorithms, containing the tools required for its proper integration into the combustor preliminary design environment. For the development of this Toolbox, extensive work was performed on genetic algorithms and derived techniques in order to provide the most efficient and robust optimization method possible.
The optimization capability of the Toolbox was first validated and metered on analytical problems of known solution, where it demonstrated excellent optimization performance especially for higher-dimensional problems. In a second step of testing and validation process, the combustor design capability of the Toolbox was demonstrated by applying it to diverse combustor design test cases. There the Toolbox demonstrated its capacity to achieve the required performance targets and to optimize successfully some key combustor parameters such as liner wall cooling flow and NOx emissions. In addition, the Toolbox demonstrated its ability to be applied to different types of engineering problems such as wing profile optimization.
Validation of the point kinetic neutronic model of the pbmr
This study introduces a new method for the validation of the point kinetic neutronic model of the PBMR. In this study the diffusion equation solution, as implemented in the TINTE PBMR 268 MW reactor model, replaces the point kinetic model, as implemented in the Flownex V502 PBMR plant model. An indirect coupling method is devised and implemented in an external program called Flownex-Tinte-Interface (FTI) to facilitate the data exchange between these two codes. The results of this study conclude that the indirect coupling method can provide rough boundary conditions during transients when interfacing TINTE and Flownex. These are adequate to perform validation studies on the point kinetic behavior during transient conditions. However, further investigation should be done into the validation of all the point kinetic parameters, especially during cold shutdown and non-equilibrium fuel situations such as new core loadings.
Combining a one-dimensional empirical and network solver with computational fluid dynamics to investigate possible modifications to a commercial gas turbine combustor
The theoretical basis and conceptual formulation of a comprehensive reactor model to simulate the thermal-fluid phenomena of the PBMR reactor core and core structures is given. Through a rigorous analysis, the fundamental equations are recast in a form that is suitable for incorporation in a systems CFD code. The formulation of the equations results in a collection of one-dimensional elements (models) that can be used to construct a comprehensive multi-dimensional network model of the reactor. The elements account for the pressure drop through the reactor; the convective heat transport by the gas; the convection heat transfer between the gas and the solids; the radiative, contact and convection heat transfer between the pebbles and the heat conduction in the pebbles. Results from the numerical model are compared with that of experiments conducted on the SANA facility covering a range of temperatures as well as two different fluids and different heating configurations. The good comparison obtained between the simulated and measured results show that the systems CFD approach sufficiently accounts for all of the important phenomena encountered in the quasi-steady natural convection driven flows that will prevail after critical events in a reactor. The fact that the computer simulation time for all of the simulations was less than three seconds on a standard notebook computer also indicates that the new model indeed achieves a fine balance between accuracy and simplicity. The new model can therefore be used with confidence and still allow quick integrated plant simulations.